What would be expected to happen if: (a) GA3 is applied to rice seedlings (b) Dividing cells stop differentiating (c) A rotten fruit gets mixed with unripe fruits (d) You forget to add cytokinin to the culture medium. | NCERT solution | Class 11 Biology | Unit-15 Plant Growth and Development



Q.11:- What would be expected to happen if:
(a) GA3 is applied to rice seedlings
(b) Dividing cells stop differentiating
(c) A rotten fruit gets mixed with unripe fruits
(d) You forget to add cytokinin to the culture medium.

 

Answer:-

(a) If GA3 is applied to rice seedlings, then the rice seedlings will show internode-elongation and increase in height.



(b) If dividing cells stop differentiating, then the plant organs such as leaves and stem will not be formed. The mass of undifferentiated cell is called callus.

(c) If a rotten fruit gets mixed with unripe fruits, then the ethylene produced from the rotten fruits will hasten the ripening of the unripe fruits.

(d) If you forget to add cytokinin to the culture medium, then cell division, growth, and differentiation will be slower.