What is water scarcity and what are its main causes?

Q.2 (ii):- What is water scarcity and what are its main causes?

 

Answer :-

Scarcity of water means shortage of water, an imbalance between demand and supply. Causes or the factors responsible for water scarcity are as follows:
1. growing population which is the main cause of water scarcity.
2. urbanization and industrialization which have increased the consumption of water.
3. wastage and injudicious use of water.
4. over-exploitation and mismanagement of water resources.
5. unequal access to water resources.
6. in post green revolution era, the commercial crops which are grown more, consume more water.