What is a mesosome in a prokaryotic cell? Mention the functions that it performs. | NCERT solution | Class 11 Biology | Unit-8 The Unit of Life



Q.5:- What is a mesosome in a prokaryotic cell? Mention the functions that it performs.

 

Answer



Mesosome is a convoluted membranous structure formed in a prokaryotic cell by the invagination of the plasma membrane. Its functions are:
→ These extensions help in cell wall formation, DNA replication and distribution to daughter cells.
→ They also help in respiration, secretion processes, to increase the surface area of the plasma membrane and enzymatic content.