Q.1:- What do you mean by rural development? Bring out the key issues in rural development.
Rural development is a comprehensive term which essentially focuses on action for the development of areas that are lagging behind in the overall development of the village economy.
Some of the areas which are in need of fresh initiatives for rural development are:
- Development of human resources like literacy, more specifically, female literacy, education and skill development.
- Development of human resources like health, addressing both sanitation and public health.
- Honest implementation of land reforms.
- Development of the productive resources in each locality.
- Infrastructure development like electricity, irrigation, credit, markseting, transport facilities including construction of village roads and feeder roads to nearby highways, facilities for agriculture research-and extension, and information dissemination.
- Special measures for alleviation of poverty and bringing about significant improvement in the living conditions of the weaker sections of the population.