Q.:- What are the characteristics of the particles of matter?
The characteristics of the particles of matter are following :
(a) Matter consists of tiny particles which cannot be seen by an individual with naked eye.
(b) The particles of matter have spaces between them.
(c) The particles of matter attract each other with a force called intermolecular forces of attraction. The forces of attraction are maximum in solids and minimum in gases. Liquid have intermolecular forces in between solids and gases.
(d) The particles of a matter are not stationary but are continuously moving.
(e) The intermolecular forces decrease with the increase in intermolecular spaces and vice- versa.
(f) Kinetic energy of the molecule increases with the rise in temperature.