Unit-5: The Age of Industrialisation – History NCERT Solution Class-10

Unit-5: The Age of Industrialisation


Intext Solutions:-

Page- 104

Q.1:- Give two examples where modern development that is associated with progress has led to problems. You may like to think of areas related to environmental issues, nuclear weapons or disease.

Page- 107

Q.1:- The way in which historians focus on industrialization rather than on small workshops is a good example of how what we believe today about the past is influenced by what historians choose to notice and what they ignore. Note down one event or aspect of your own life which adults such as your parents or teachers may think is unimportant, but which you believe to be important.

Q.2:- Look at Figures 4 and 5 given on the next page. Can you see any difference in the way the two images show industrialization? Explain your view briefly.

Page- 109

Q.1:- Imagine that you are a merchant writing back to a salesman who has been trying to persuade you to buy a new machine. Explain in your letter what you have heard and why you do not wish to invest in the new technology.

Page- 111

Q.1:- Look Figure 3, 7 and II, then reread source B. Explain why many workers were opposed to the use of the Spinning Jenny.

Page- 113

Q.1:- On a map of Asia, find and draw the sea and land links of the textile trade from India to Central Asia, West Asia and South East Asia.


Exercise Solutions:-


Q.1:- Explain the following
(a) Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny.
(b) In the seventeenth century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.
(c) The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century.
(d) The East India Company appointed Gomasthas to supervise weavers in India.

Q.2:- Write True or False against each statement.
(a) At the end of the 19th century, 80% of the total workforce in Europe was employed in the technologically advanced industrial sector.
(b) The international market for textiles was dominated by India till the eighteenth century.
(c) The American Civil War resulted in the reduction of cotton exports from India.
(d) The introduction of the ‘Flying Shuttle’ enabled the handloom workers to improve their productivity.

Q.3:- Explain, what is meant by proto industrialization?


Discussion Solutions:-


Q.1:- Why did some industrialists in 19th century Europe prefer hand labour over machines?

Q.2:- How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton silk textiles from Indian weavers?

Q.3:- Imagine that you have been asked to write an article for an encyclopedia on Britain and the history of cotton. Write your piece using information from the entire chapter.

Q.4:- Why did the industrial production in India increase during the First World War?