Unit-1: Development – Economics NCERT Solution Class-10

Unit-1: Development


Intext Solutions:-

Page- 04

Q.1:- Developmental Goals of Different Categories of Persons.

Page- 06

Q.1:- Why do different persons have different notions of development? Which of the following explanations is more important and why?
(a) Because people are different.
(b) Because life situations of persons are different.

Q.2:- Do the following two statements mean the same? Justify your answer.
(a) People have different developmental goals.
(b) People have conflicting developmental goals.

Q.3:- Give some examples where factors other than income are important aspects of our lives.

Q.4:- Explain some of the important ideas of the above section (income and other goals) in your own words.

Page- 07

Q.1:- Look at the picture given below. What should be the developmental goals for such an area?

Q.2:- Read this newspaper report and answer the questions that follow
(i) Who are the people who benefited and who did not?
(ii) What should be the developmental goal for this country?

Q.3:- What can be some of the developmental goals for your village, town or locality?

Page- 09

Q.1:- 1. Give three examples where an average is used for comparing situations.
2. Why do you think average income is an important criterion for development? Explain.
3. Besides size of per capita income, what other property of income is important in comparing two or more societies?
4. Suppose records show that the average income in a country has been increasing over a period of time.
5. From the text, find out the per capita income level of middle-income countries as per WDR 2006.
6. Write a paragraph on your notion of what should India do, or achieve, to become a developed country.

Page- 12

Q.1:- Look at data in Tables 1.3 and 1.4. Is Punjab ahead of Bihar in literacy rate etc as it is in terms of per capita income?

Q.2:- Think of other examples where collective provision of goods and services is cheaper than individual provision.

Q.3:- Does availability of good health & educational facilities depend only on amount of money spent by the government on these facilities? What other factors could be relevant?

Q.4:- In Tamil Nadu, 75% of the people living in rural areas use a ration shop, whereas in Jharkhand only 8% of rural people do so. Where would people be better off and why?

Q.5:- Study Table 1.5 carefully and fill in the blanks in the following paragraphs. For this, you may need to make calculations based on the table.


Exercise Solutions:-


Q.1:- Development of a country can generally be determined by
(i)its per capita income
(ii) its average literacy level
(iii)health status of its people
(iv) All of these

Q.2:- Which of the following neighboring countries of India has better performance in terms of human development than India?
(i) Bangladesh
(ii) Sri Lanka
(iii) Nepal
(iv) Pakistan

Q.3:- Assume there are four families in a country. The average per capita income of these families in a country. The average per capita income of these families is ` 5000. If the income of three families is ` 4000, `7000 and ` 3000 respectively, what is the income of the fourth family?
(a)`7500 (b) `3000 (c) ` 2000 (d) `6000

Q.4:- What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries? What are the limitations of this criterion, if any?

Q.5:- In what respects is the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development different from the one used by the World Bank?

Q.6:- Why do we use averages? Are there any limitations to their use? Illustrate with your own examples related to development?

Q.7:- Kerala, with a lower per capita income has a better, human development ranking than Punjab. Hence, the per capita income is not a useful criterion at all, and should not be used to compare states. Do you agree? Discuss.

Q.8:- Find out the present sources of energy used by people in India. What could be the possibilities fifty years from now?

Q.9:- Why is the issue of sustainability important for development?

Q.10:- “The Earth has enough resources to meet the needs of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person”. How is this statement relevant to the discussion of development? Discuss.

Q.11:- List a few examples of environmental degradation that you may have observed around you.

Q.12:- For each of the items given in Table 1.6, find out which country is at the top and which is at the bottom.

Q.13:- The table shows the proportion of undernourished adults in India. It is based on a survey of various states in the country for the year 2001. Look at the table and answer the following questions.