What do you understand by isoelectronic species? Name a species that will be isoelectronic with each of the following atoms or ions. (i) F– (ii) Ar (iii) Mg2+ (iv) Rb+



Q.11:- What do you understand by isoelectronic species? Name a species that will be isoelectronic with each of the following atoms or ions.
(i) F–
(ii) Ar
(iii) Mg2+
(iv) Rb+

 

 

Answer:-

Isoelectronic species/ions/atoms are the species which have same number of electrons but different magnitude of nuclear charges & belongs to different atoms or ions.The isoelctronic ions with greater nuclear charge will have small size as compared to the ion with smaller nuclear charge.

(i) Fion has 9 + 1 = 10 electrons. Thus, the species isoelectronic with it will also have 10 electrons. Some of its isoelectronic species are Na+ ion (11 – 1 = 10 electrons), Ne (10 electrons), O2– ion (8 + 2 = 10 electrons), and Al3+ ion (13 – 3 = 10 electrons).



(ii) Ar has 18 electrons. Thus, the species isoelectronic with it will also have 18 electrons. Some of its isoelectronic species are S2– ion (16 + 2 = 18 electrons), Clion (17 + 1 = 18 electrons), K+ ion (19 – 1 = 18 electrons), and Ca2+ ion (20 – 2 = 18 electrons).

(iii) Mg2+ ion has 12 – 2 = 10 electrons. Thus, the species isoelectronic with it will also have 10 electrons. Some of its isoelectronic species are Fion (9 + 1 = 10 electrons), Ne (10 electrons), O2– ion (8 + 2 = 10 electrons), and Al3+ ion (13 – 3 = 10 electrons).

(iv) Rb+ ion has 37 – 1 = 36 electrons. Thus, the species isoelectronic with it will also have 36 electrons. Some of its isoelectronic species are Br ion (35 + 1 = 36 electrons), Kr (36 electrons), and Sr2+ ion (38 – 2 = 36 electrons).