Underscore some of India’s most crucial economic challenges at the time of independence. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-1 Indian Economy on the eve of Independence



Q.13:- Underscore some of India’s most crucial economic challenges at the time of independence.

 

Answer:-

 

Most crucial economic challenges at the time of independence were:



  1. Little industrialisation and decline of handicrafts.
  2. Low agricultural output and high imports of grains.
  3. Low figure of national income and per capita income which showed extreme poverty.
  4. Very sluggish economic progress.’
  5. Unemployment and underemployment.
  6. Very high infant mortality rate, low life expectancy and low standard of living.