Q.8:- A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by
Where x and y are in cm and t in s. The positive direction of x is from left to right.
(a) Is this a travelling wave or a stationary wave?
If it is travelling, what are the speed and direction of its propagation?
(b) What are its amplitude and frequency?
(c) What is the initial phase at the origin?
(d) What is the least distance between two successive crests in the wave?
(a) The equation of progressive wave travelling from right to left is given by the displacement function:
y (x, t) = a sin (ωt + kx + Φ) ….(i)
The given equation is:
v = vλ
∴ v = (ω/2π) / (2π/k) = ω/k
= 36/0.018 = 2000 cm/s = 20 m/s
Hence, the speed of the given travelling wave is 20 m/s.
(b) Amplitude of the given wave, a = 3 cm
Frequency of the given wave:
v = ω/2π = 36 / 2 × 3.14 = 573 Hz
(c) On comparing equations (i) and (ii), we find that the intial phase angle, Φ = π/4
(d) The distance between two successive crests or troughs is equal to the wavelength of the wave.
Wavelength is given by the relation:
k = 2π/λ
∴ λ = 2π/k = 2 × 3.14 / 0.018 = 348.89 cm =3.49 m.