Though public sector is very essential for industries, many public sector undertakings incur huge losses and are a drain on the economy’s resources. Discuss the usefulness of public sector undertakings in the light of this fact. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-2 Indian Economy 1950-1990





Q.16:- Though public sector is very essential for industries, many public sector undertakings incur huge losses and are a drain on the economy’s resources. Discuss the usefulness of public sector undertakings in the light of this fact.

 

Answer:- 
Though many public sector undertakings are incurring huge losses, they are still very useful in the areas of strategic concerns and hazardous chemicals. Public sector undertaking are required for:
1. Creation of a Strong Industrial Base
2. Development of Infrastructure
3. Development of Backward Areas
4. To Mobilise Savings and Earn Foreign Exchange
5. To Prevent Concentration of Economic Power
6. To Promote Equality of Income and Wealth Distri-bution
7. To Provide Employment
8. To Promote Import Substitution.