The traditional handicrafts industries were ruined under the British rule. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-1 Indian Economy on the eve of Independence





Q.6:- The traditional handicrafts industries were ruined under the British rule. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

 

Answer:- 
The main cause of exploitation of traditional handicraft industries was de-industrialisation introduced by British rulers in India. They got raw materials from India at cheap rates and reduced India to a mere exporter of raw materials to the British industries. They sold British manufactured goods in Indian market at higher prices.
It resulted in decline of world famous traditional handicrafts. Britishers followed discriminatort tariff policy. It allowed free export of raw materials from India and free import of British final goods to India, but placed heavy duty on the export of Indian handicrafts. In this way, Indian . markets were full of manufactured goods from Britain which were low priced. Indian handicrafts 1 started losing both domestic market and export market. Ultimately, the handicraft industry declined.