The industrial revolution in England and Western Europe more than two centuries ago was triggered by some key scientific and technological advances. What were these advances ? | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Physics Part I | Study online Unit-1 Physical World



Q.7:- The industrial revolution in England and Western Europe more than two centuries ago was triggered by some key scientific and technological advances. What were these advances ?

 

Answer:



Some of the key advances responsible for industrial revolutions were as follows: 1. Invention of steam engine by James Watt in 1769 AD made it possible to drive machines by using steam power. 2. Invention of flying schuttle by John Key and of power-loom by Cartright brought revolution in textile industry. 3. Setting up of blast furnace helped to convert low grade iron into steel. 4. Invention of safety lamp by Humphry Davy helped work safely in mines.