Q.9:- At what temperature is the root mean square speed of an atom in an argon gas cylinder equal to the rms speed of a helium gas atom at – 20 °C? (atomic mass of Ar = 39.9 u, of He = 4.0 u).
Temperature of the helium atom, THe = –20°C= 253 K
Atomic mass of argon, MAr = 39.9 u
Atomic mass of helium, MHe = 4.0 u
Let, (vrms)Ar be the rms speed of argon.
Let (vrms)He be the rms speed of helium.
The rms speed of argon is given by:
= 2523.675 = 2.52 × 103 K
Therefore, the temperature of the argon atom is 2.52 × 103 K.