Summaries the attributes of a nation, as Renan understand them. Why m his view, are nations important?

Q.:- Summaries the attributes of a nation, as Renan understand them. Why m his view, are nations important?

 

Answer:-

Ernst Renan was a French philosopher and attributes of a nation are according to him as follows
(i) A nation is not formed by a common language, race, religion or territory.
(ii)To form a nation, social capital, common glories and deeds of the past and common will are necessary.
(iii) Nation is a large scale solidarity.
(iv) Inhabitants of a nation have the right to be consulted in reference of large scale solidarity.
(v) The existence of a nation is not only a good thing but also a necessity.
(vi) A nation has never any real interest in annexing or holding on to a country against its will.

Importance of Nation according to Renam
(i) Existence of the nation is a guarantee of liberty.
(ii) Liberty will not be more in case the world had only one law and only one master.