Read each statement below carefully, and state, with reasons, if it is true or false; (a) During rolling, the force of friction acts in the same direction as the direction of motion of the CM of the body. (b) The instantaneous speed of the point of contact during rolling is zero. (c) The instantaneous acceleration of the point of contact during rolling is zero. (d) For perfect rolling motion, work done against friction is zero. (e) A wheel moving down a perfectly frictionless inclined plane will undergo slipping (not rolling) motion. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Physics | Study online Unit-7 System Of Particles And Rotational Motion



Q.32:- Read each statement below carefully, and state, with reasons, if it is true or false;
(a) During rolling, the force of friction acts in the same direction as the direction of motion of the CM of the body.
(b) The instantaneous speed of the point of contact during rolling is zero.
(c) The instantaneous acceleration of the point of contact during rolling is zero.
(d) For perfect rolling motion, work done against friction is zero.
(e) A wheel moving down a perfectly frictionless inclined plane will undergo slipping (not rolling) motion.

 

 

Answer:-

(a) False
Frictional force acts opposite to the direction of motion of the centre of mass of a body. In the case of rolling, the direction of motion of the centre of mass is backward. Hence, frictional force acts in the forward direction.



(b) True
Rolling can be considered as the rotation of a body about an axis passing through the point of contact of the body with the ground. Hence, its instantaneous speed is zero.

(c) False
This is becausehen a body is rolling, its instantaneous acceleration is not equal to zero. It has some value.

(d) True
This is because once the perfect rolling begins, force of friction becomes zero. Hence work done against friction is zero.

(e) True
This is because rolling occurs only on account of friction which is a tangential force capable of providing torque. When the inclined plane is perfectly smooth, the wheel will simply slip under the effect of its own weight.