Q. A mixture of oxygen and ethyne is burnt for welding. Can you tell why a mixture of ethyne and air is not used? | Unit 4 Chemistry NCERT solution Class 10

Q. A mixture of oxygen and ethyne is burnt for welding. Can you tell why a mixture of ethyne and air is not used?

chem-X-4-q9a

 

Answer:-

When ethyne is burnt in air, it gives a sooty flame. This is due to incomplete combustion caused by limited supply of air. However, if ethyne is burnt with oxygen, it gives a clean flame with temperature 3000°C because of complete combustion. This oxy-acetylene flame is used for welding. It is not possible to attain such a high temperature without mixing oxygen. This is the reason why a mixture of ethyne and air is not used.