Q.9:- Outline the steps involved in attaining sustainable development in India.
Steps involved in attaining sustainable development in India are outlined below
(i) Population Control Limiting the human population to a level within the carrying capacity of the environment is the first step to be followed for attaining sustainable development as population is exerting tremendous pressure in terms of demand for resources which is more than the absorptive capacity of the environment leading to environmental crisis.
(ii) Efficient Utilization of Resources Technological progress and industrialization should be input efficient and wastage of resources should be minimised by proper utilization. This will help to produce more with lesser amount of resources and thus depletion of resources will be slower.
(iii) Control of Over Extraction Rate of extraction of renewable resources should not be exceed the rate of regeneration so that they are extracted on a sustainable basis.
(iv) Control of Depletion Rate of depletion of non-renewable resources should not exceed the rate of creation of renewable substitutes so that environmental crisis does not emerge and resources are available for the future generations.
(v) Pollution Control Pollution in all forms has a negative environmental impact which has high opportunity cost. Hence, control of pollution is a must to maintain the quality of natural resources such as air and water for sustainable development.
(vi) Use of Non-Conventional Energy India is hugely dependent on thermal and hydro power plants to meet its power needs which have adverse environment impacts. Wind power and solar fays are cleaner and greener energy sources which should be explored on a large scale by developing technological devices along with non-conventional sources like nuclear energy.