Mention the salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-10 Comparative Development Experiences of India



Q.8:- Mention the salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India.

 

Answer:-

The following table presents the salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India. Select Demographic Indicators, 2010

country Estimated Population (in million) Annual growth of population (2001-2010) Density (per sq km) Sex Ratio (out of 100 persons) Fertility Rate Urbanisation
India 1170 1.34 394 48.4 2.7 30.1
China 1338 0.50 144 48.1 1.6 45
Pakistan 174 1.80 225 49.2 3.5 37

Source World Development Indicators www.worldbank.org It can be seen from the table that



(i) China has the highest population size closely followed by India. The population of Pakistan is very small and accounts for roughly about one-tenth of China or India.

(ii) The density of population is lowest in China and highest in India.

(iii) Population has been highest in Pakistan, followed by India and China. One child norm in China has lowered the growth rate of population in the country.

(iv) The sex ratio is low and biased against females in all the three countries.

(v) Fertility rate is lowest in China and highest in Pakistan.

(vi) China has the highest degree of urbanisation followed by Pakistan while India is still having a large majority of rural population.