Q.1:- In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in the following ways:-
(a) They start to campaign on any particular issue so that public support and sympathy can be gained. Sometimes they also try to use mass media so that more attention could be given to them by the public. An example is the release of advertisements in newspapers.
(b) They generally call for strike, and dharnas to raise their demands or voice. These methods are used by trade unions, federations, employee association to influence the government and get implemented their demands.
(c) They influence decision making lobbying the legislators.
(d) Issues raised by them influence the policies of political parties.