Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal. | NCERT solution | Class 12 Biology | Unit-1 The living world

Q.11:- Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.

 

Answer:-

The arrangement of various taxa in a hierarchical order is called taxonomic hierarchy. In this hierarchy, species is present at the lowest level whereas kingdom is present at the highest level.

Kingdom

Phylum or division

Class

Order

Family

Genus

Species

A Taxonomic hierarchy

Classification of a plant

As an example, let us classify Solanum melongena (Brinjal).
Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Angiospermae
Class – Dicotyledonae
Order – Solanales
Family – Solanaceae
Genus – Solanum
Species – melongena
Classification of an animal

As an example, let us classify Columba livia (Blue rock Dove).
Kingdom – Animalia
Phylum – Chordata
Class – Aves
Order – Columbiformes
Family – Columbidae
Genus – Columba
Species – livia