How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid? | Unit 4 Chemistry NCERT solution Class 10

Q. How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid?

 

Answer:-

We can distinguish between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid on the basis of their reaction with carbonates and hydrogen carbonates. Acid reacts with carbonate and hydrogen carbonate to evolve CO2 gas that turns lime water milky.

chem-X-4-q10aAlcohols, on the other hand, do not react with carbonates and hydrogen carbonates.