How is RBI controlling the commercial banks? | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-3 Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation





Q.4:- How is RBI controlling the commercial banks?

 

Answer:-
Prior to 1991, banking institutions were subject to too much control by the RBI through high bank rate, high cash reserve ratio and statutory liquidity ratio.
Financial sector includes:
(a) banking and non-banking financial’institutions,
(b) stock exchange market, and
(c) foreign exchange market.
In India, financial sector is regulated and controlled by the RBI (Reserve Bank of India).
There was a substantial shift in role of the RBI from ‘a regulator’ to ‘a facilitator’ of the financial sector. Earlier as a regulator, the RBI would itself fix interest rate structure for the commercial banks. After liberalisation in 1991, RBI as a facilitator would only facilitate free play of the market forces and leave it to the commercial banks to decide their interest rate structure.