Q.2:- How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?
Table: Differences between prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell.
|1.||Occurrence||Found in kingdom Monera: Bacteria, blue-green algae and Mycoplasma.||Found in Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia.|
|2.||Nucleus||Incipient nucleus called nucleoid present. No nuclear membrane and nucleous.||A true nucleus is present. Nuclear membrane and nucleolus present.|
|3.||Chromosome||Single chromosome||More than one chromosome|
|4.||Membrane bound cell-organelles||Absent||Present|
|5.||Ribosomes||70 S type||80 S type|
|6.||Centrioles||Absent||Present in animal cells|
|7.||Size||Small sized (0.1 1-5.0um)||Large sized (5-100 um)|
|8.||Cyclosis (Streaming movement of cytoplasm)||Does not occur.||Occurs.|