How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?

Q.2:- How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?

 

Answer:-

Table: Differences between prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell.

 

Character

Prokaryotic cell

Eukaryotic cell

1. Occurrence Found in kingdom Monera: Bacteria, blue-green algae and Mycoplasma. Found in Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia.
2. Nucleus Incipient nucleus called nucleoid present. No nuclear membrane and nucleous. A true nucleus is present. Nuclear membrane and nucleolus present.
3. Chromosome Single chromosome More than one chromosome
4. Membrane bound cell-organelles Absent Present
5. Ribosomes 70 S type 80 S type
6. Centrioles Absent Present in animal cells
7. Size Small sized (0.1 1-5.0um) Large sized (5-100 um)
8. Cyclosis (Streaming movement of cytoplasm) Does not occur. Occurs.