Q.4 (ii):- How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Human activities have been the major causes for the depletion of flora and fauna. Various such activities are –
1. Agricultural expansion
2. Shifting cultivation (Jhum), a type of ‘slash and burn’ agriculture.
3. Large scale development projects.
4. Mining activities.
5. Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, over-exploitation of forest products, environmental degradation, forest-fire are some other factors which have led to the decline of India’s biodiversity.
6. Environmental destruction due to unequal access, inequitable consumption of resources and differential sharing of responsibilities for environmental well-being are also responsible for the depletion of flora and fauna.