How has the consumption pattern of energy changed over the years? | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Indian Economic Development | Study online Unit-8 Infrastructure



Q.11:- How has the consumption pattern of energy changed over the years?

 

Answer:-
Pattern of energy consumption in India is as follows:



  1. In India, different sources of energy are converted into a common unit ‘million tonne of oil equivalent’ (MTOE).
  2. At present, commercial energy consumption is 65 per cent of total energy consumed in India.
  3. Goal has the largest share of 55 per cent, followed by oil at 31 per cent, natural gas at 11 per cent and hydro energy at 3 per cent.
  4. Non-commercial energy sources account for over 30 per cent of the total energy consumption.
  5. There is import dependence on crude and petroleum products, which is likely to grow to more than 100 per cent in the near future.
  6. Atomic energy is an important source of electric power. At present nuclear/atomic energy accounts for only 2.4 per cent of total primary energy consumption.