How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical and chemical properties? | Unit 4 Chemistry NCERT solution Class 10

Q.7 How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical and chemical properties?

 

Answer:-

 

• Ethanol is a liquid at room temperature with a pleasant odour while ethanoic acid has vinegar-like smell. The melting point of ethanoic acid is 17°C. This is below room temperature and hence, it freezes during winters.
• Ethanoic acid reacts with metal carbonates and metal hydrogencarbonates to form salt, water, and carbon dioxide gas while ethanol does not react with them.

chem-x-4-q19a

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