Given below are some functions of x and t to represent the displacement (transverse or longitudinal) of an elastic wave. State which of these represent (i) a traveling wave, (ii) a stationary wave or (iii) none at all: (a) y = 2 cos (3x) sin (10t) (b) y = 2 √x – vt (c) y = 3 sin (5x – 0.5t) + 4 cos (5x – 0.5t) (d) y = cos x sin t + cos 2x sin 2t | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Physics | Study online Unit-15 Waves



Q.13:- Given below are some functions of x and t to represent the displacement (transverse or longitudinal) of an elastic wave. State which of these represent (i) a traveling wave, (ii) a stationary wave or (iii) none at all:

(a) y = 2 cos (3x) sin (10t)
(b) = 2 √x – vt
(c)  y = 3 sin (5x – 0.5t) + 4 cos (5x – 0.5t)

(d) y = cos x sin t + cos 2x sin 2t

 

 

Answer:-



(a) The given equation represents a stationary wave because the harmonic terms kx and ωt appear separately in the equation.
(b) The given equation does not contain any harmonic term. Therefore, it does not represent either a travelling wave or a stationary wave.
(c) The given equation represents a travelling wave as the harmonic terms kx and ωt are in the combination of kx – ωt.
(d) The given equation represents a stationary wave because the harmonic terms kx and ωt appear separately in the equation. This equation actually represents the superposition of two stationary waves.