Q.1:- Give the magnitude and direction of the net force acting on
(a) a drop of rain falling down with a constant speed,
(b) a cork of mass 10 g floating on water,
(c) a kite skillfully held stationary in the sky,
(d) a car moving with a constant velocity of 30 km/h on a rough road,
(e) a high-speed electron in space far from all material objects, and free of electric and magnetic fields.
(a) As the rain drop is flling with a constant speed, its accleration, a = 0. Hence net force F= ma = 0.
(b) As the cork is floating on water, its weight is balanced by the upthrust due to water. Therefore, the net force on the cork is 0.
(c) As the kite is held stationery, in accordance with the first law of motion, the net force on the kite is 0.
(d) Force is being applied to overcome the force of friction. But as velocity of the car is constant, its accleleration, a = 0. Hence net force on the car F = ma = 0.
(e) As the high speed electron in space is far away from all gravitating objects and free of electric and magnetic fields, the net force on electron is 0.