Q.20:- Give and few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government has taken them up.
Three examples are—
(a) Railways The government has taken this up for the following reasons
(i) Only the government can invest large sums of money on a public project with long gestation period.
(ii) To ensure and provide transportation at cheap rates.
(b) Electric Power Generation by NTPC The government has taken this up to provide electricity at a reasonable rate to consumers.
(c) AIIMS To provide quality health services at a reasonable rate was the main purpose of the government to start this, besides medical education.