Q.4:- Explain with suitable examples the different types of phyllotaxy.
Phyllotaxy: The arrangement of leaves on the stem or branch is called phyllotaxy. There are three types of phyllotaxy, which are as follows:
- Alternate: In this type of leaf arrangement, a single leaf arises at each node in alternate manner, e.g. China rose, mustard, sunflower, etc.
- Opposite: In this type of leaf arrangement, a pair of leaves arise at each node. The leaves lie opposite to each other in this case, e.g. Calotropis, guava, etc.
- Whorled: In this type of leaf arrangement, more than two leaves arise at a node, e.g. Alstonia.