Q.3:- Explain what is meant by the Haussmanisation of Paris? To what extent would you support or oppose this form of development? Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper, to either support or oppose this, giving reasons for your view.
Haussmanisation of Paris In 1852, Napoleon III became the ruler of Paris and decided to rebuild Paris. The chief architect of the new Paris was Baron Haussmann. He designed straight, broad avenues or boulevards, and open spaces and transplanted full grown trees. The poor were evicted from the centre of Paris to reduce the possibility of political rebellion and to beautify the city. By 1870, about one-fifth of the streets of Paris were the creation of Haussmann. Policemen were employed, night patrols began and bus shelters and tap water introduced. This rebuilding of Paris is called ‘Haussmanisation of Paris’.
I will support this move because the ‘Haussmanisation of Paris’ had its benefits too. Public works employed nearly one in five working people. Haussmam’s work was criticized by the wealthy and poor alike during his lime, but Paris became a symbol of civic pride for the French and it became the nucleus of many new architectural, social and intellectual developments that influenced other parts of the world in the twentieth century.