Explain, what is meant by proto-industrialization

Q.3:- Explain, what is meant by proto industrialization?



Even before factories began to appear on the landscape of England and Europe, there was a large scale industrial production for an international market. This was not based on factories. Many historians now refer to this phase of industrialization as proto-industrialization, or the precursor to industrialization.

During this period most of the goods were hand manufactured by trained crafts-persons for the international market.