Q.6:- Explain the need and type of land reforms implemented in the agriculture sector.
In India, there existed a large army of middlemen like zamindars, mahalwars and ryotwars, who collected rent from the actual cultivators and deposited a part of it to the government as land revenue. They treated cultivators as slaves. The measure of abolition of intermediaries was adopted to make direct link between actual tillers and government, and to pass forests, wasteland, etc. to state government.
Tenancy Reforms are concerned with:
(a) Regulation of Rent
(b) Security of Tenure
(c) Ownership Rights for Tenants.
Reorganisation of Agriculture is concerned with:
(a) Redistribution of Land
(b) Consolidation of Holdings
(c) Co-operative Farming.