Q.2:- Explain the following
(a) Only one-third of students in Vietnam would pass the school-leaving examination.
(b) The French began building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta.
(c) The Government made the Saigon Native Girls School takes back the students it had expelled.
(d) Rats were most common in the modem, newly built areas of Hanoi.
(a) So, few students passed the school-leaving examination because, the French did not want to give full access to French education to the Vietnamese, as then they would compete with the French people in Vietnam for jobs.
(b) Like other European powers, the French wanted to exploit the natural resources and other essential goods in her colonies. Vietnam had fertile land which was suitable for rice and plantation crops. So, they began building canals and draining land in the Mekong delta region to increase agricultural production. As a result, production increased manifold and Vietnam become the third largest exporter of rice in the world.
(c) When the French principal of the Saigon Native Girls School expelled the students protesting another student’s expulsion, there was widespread remonstration. Considering the gravity of the situation, the government decided to control the intensity of the protests by providing an outlet – making the school take back the expelled students.
(d) Rats were common in the modern, newly built areas of. Hanoi because the sewer system provided an ideal breeding ground for them and was also a good transport system. for them. The large sewers now became a protected breeding and living space for rats.