Explain the autoregulatory mechanism of GFR. | NCERT solution | Class 11 Biology | Unit-19 Excretory Products and their Elimination



Q.2:- Explain the autoregulatory mechanism of GFR.

 

Answer:



Regulation of GFR: The kidneys have built-in mechanisms for the regulation of glomerular filtration rate. One such efficient mechanism is carried out by juxta glomerular apparatus (JGA). JGA is a special sensitive region formed by cellular modifications in the distal convoluted tubule and the afferent arteriole at the location of their contact. A fall in GFR can activate the JG cells to release renin which can stimulate the glomerular blood flow and thereby the GFR back to normal.