Q.3 (i) :- Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much from 1960-61?
Land-use pattern in India is a dynamic concept. It changes over space and time. Land-use pattern in India is as follows:
1. About 46% area is the net sown area in the country.
2. Forests occupy about 22% of the reporting area.
3. The cultivable waste land accounts for nearly 5% of the area.
4. The fallow land covers about 8% of the total area.
5. Permanent pastures and tree crops cover only 5%.
6. The land not available for cultivation is nearly 14% of the total area.
The factors which determine land use are two fold:
(a) Physical – climate, soil and relief.
(b) Human – culture, tradition and technology.
The main causes for the change in Land-use pattern are –
1. Growing human population
This then varies from state to state also. The above mentioned factors are also responsible for the decrease in land under forest which is around 19% i.e. 14% away from 33% norm of UNO body on environment protection but a slight improvement after 1960-61 i.e. of 22% of the total geographical area.