Describe the theory associated with the radius of an atom as it (a) gains an electron (b) loses an electron



Q.24:- Describe the theory associated with the radius of an atom as it
(a) gains an electron
(b) loses an electron

 

 

Answer:-



  • Gain of an electron leads to the formation of an anion. The size of an anion will be larger than that of the parent atom because the addition of one or more electrons would result in increased repulsion among electrons and decrease in effective nuclear charge.
    This the ionic radius of fluoride ion (F) is 136 pm whereas atomic radius of Fluorine (F) is only 64 pm.
  • Loss of an electron from an atom results in the formation of a cation. A cation is smaller than its parent atom because it has fomer electrons while its nuclear charge remains the same. For example, The atomic radius of sodium (Na) is 186 pm and atomic radius of sodium ion (Na+) = 95 pm.