Define the term inflorescence. Explain the basis for the different types of inflorescence in flowering plants. | NCERT solution | Class 12 Biology | Unit-5 Morphology of Flowering Plants Biology

Q.13:- Define the term inflorescence. Explain the basis for the different types of inflorescence in flowering plants.

 

Answer

Inflorescence is the manner in which the flowers are arranged on the flowering axis. During the flowering season, the vegetative apex of the stem gets converted into a floral meristem. Depending on

whether the apex gets converted into a flower or continues to grow, two major types of inflorescences are defined – racemose and cymose.

In racemose inflorescence, the floral axis continues to grow and produces flowers laterally while in cymose inflorescence, the main axis terminates into a flower. Hence, it is limited in growth.