Q.16:- Compared to the 1970s, there has hardly been any change in the distribution of workforce across various industries. Comment.
It is not true that there has hardly been any change in the distribution of workforce across various industries as compared to 1970s. In 1972-73, about 74 per cent of workforce was engaged in primary sector and in 2011-12, this proportion has declined to about 50 per cent. Secondary and service sectors are showing promising future for the Indian workforce. In these four decades people have moved from self- employment and regular salaried employment to casual wage work. Yet self-employment continues to be the major employment provider.