Q.5:- In changing the state of a gas adiabatically from an equilibrium state A to another equilibrium state B, an amount of work equal to 22.3 J is done on the system. If the gas is taken from state A to B via a process in which the net heat absorbed by the system is 9.35 cal, how much is the net work done by the system in the latter case? (Take 1 cal = 4.19 J)
The work done (W) on the system while the gas changes from state A to state B is 22.3 J.
This is an adiabatic process. Hence, change in heat is zero.
∴ ΔQ = 0
ΔW = –22.3 J (Since the work is done on the system)
From the first law of thermodynamics, we have:
ΔQ = ΔU + ΔW
ΔU = Change in the internal energy of the gas
∴ ΔU = ΔQ – ΔW = – (– 22.3 J)
ΔU = + 22.3 J
When the gas goes from state A to state B via a process, the net heat absorbed by the system is:
ΔQ = 9.35 cal = 9.35 × 4.19 = 39.1765 J
Heat absorbed, ΔQ = ΔU + ΔQ
∴ΔW = ΔQ – ΔU
= 39.1765 – 22.3
= 16.8765 J
Therefore, 16.88 J of work is done by the system.