Calculate the amount of carbon dioxide that could be produced when (i) 1 mole of carbon is burnt in air. (ii) 1 mole of carbon is burnt in 16 g of dioxygen. (iii) 2 moles of carbon are burnt in 16 g of dioxygen.



Q.4:- Calculate the amount of carbon dioxide that could be produced when
(i) 1 mole of carbon is burnt in air.
(ii) 1 mole of carbon is burnt in 16 g of dioxygen.
(iii) 2 moles of carbon are burnt in 16 g of dioxygen.

 

 

Answer:-

The balanced reaction of combustion of carbon in dioxygens is:
C(s)     +    O2(g)     →    CO (g)
1mole     1mole(32g)     1mole(44g)



(i) In dioxygen, combustion is complete. Therefore 1 mole of carbon dioxide  produced by burning 1 mole of carbon.
(ii) Here, oxgen acts as a limiting reagent as only 16 g of dioxygen is available. Hence, it will react with 0.5 mole of carbon to give 22 g of carbon dioxide.
(iii) Here again oxgen acts as a limiting reagent as only 16 g of dioxygen is available. It is a limiting reactant. Thus, 16 g of dioxygen can combine with only 0.5 mole of carbon to give 22 g of carbon dioxide.