A rope of negligible mass is wound round a hollow cylinder of mass 3 kg and radius 40 cm. What is the angular acceleration of the cylinder if the rope is pulled with a force of 30 N? What is the linear acceleration of the rope? Assume that there is no slipping. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Physics | Study online Unit-7 System Of Particles And Rotational Motion



Q.14:- A rope of negligible mass is wound round a hollow cylinder of mass 3 kg and radius 40 cm. What is the angular acceleration of the cylinder if the rope is pulled with a force of 30 N? What is the linear acceleration of the rope? Assume that there is no slipping.

 

Answer:-



Mass of the hollow cylinder, m = 3 kg
Radius of the hollow cylinder, r = 40 cm = 0.4 m
Applied force, F = 30 N
The moment of inertia of the hollow cylinder about its geometric axis:
I = mr2
= 3 × (0.4)2 = 0.48 kg m2
Torque, τ = F × r  =  30 × 0.4  = 12 Nm
For angular acceleration α, torque is also given by the relation:
τ = Iα
α = τ / I  =  12 / 0.48  = 25 rad s-2
Linear acceleration = τα = 0.4 × 25 = 10 m s–2