A family uses 8 kW of power. (a) Direct solar energy is incident on the horizontal surface at an average rate of 200 W per square meter. If 20% of this energy can be converted to useful electrical energy, how large an area is needed to supply 8 kW? (b) Compare this area to that of the roof of a typical house. | Learn NCERT solution | Education portal Class 11 Physics | Study online Unit-6 Work, Energy And Power



Q.23:- A family uses 8 kW of power. (a) Direct solar energy is incident on the horizontal surface at an average rate of 200 W per square meter. If 20% of this energy can be converted to useful electrical energy, how large an area is needed to supply 8 kW? (b) Compare this area to that of the roof of a typical house.

 

Answer:-



(a) Power used by the family, P = 8 kW = 8 × 103 W

Solar energy received per square metre = 200 W
Efficiency of conversion from solar to electricity energy = 20 %
Area required to generate the desired electricity = A
As per the information given in the question, we have:
8 × 103 = 20% × (A × 200)
= (20 /100) × A × 200
A = 8 × 103 / 40  =  200 m2

(b) The area of a solar plate required to generate 8 kW of electricity is almost equivalent to the area of the roof of a building having dimensions 14 m × 14 m. (≈ √200).